Driving without a license can refer to three scenarios. You’re stopped for an offense and:
Alabama exempts the following persons from having to possess a valid Alabama license:
(1) Any person in the service of the federal government while driving an official motor vehicle in such service;
(2) Any person while driving any road machine, farm tractor or implement of husbandry temporarily driven or moved on a highway;
(3) A nonresident who is at least 16 years of age and who has in his immediate possession a valid driver's license issued in his home state or country;
(4) Any nonresident who is at least 16 years of age whose home state or country does not require the licensing of drivers for a period of not more than 90 days in any calendar year, if the motor vehicle so driven is duly registered in the home state or country of such nonresident.
Fighting a “driving without a license charge” can be difficult. Once the district attorney or prosecutor alleges that you drove without a valid license, the burden of proof is on you to prove that you did possess a valid driver’s license at the time of your offense. If you don’t evidence of a license, you lose! Depending on your circumstances, you may benefit from the advice or negotiating skills of an attorney.
An undocumented immigrant is not permitted to obtain a driver's license in Alabama. Further, a 2011 Alabama statute requires that law enforcement officers arrest and check the immigration status of anyone stopped while driving without a license.