In Oklahoma, a motorist can be charged with "negligent homicide" (also called "vehicular homicide") for causing the death of another person while driving in "reckless disregard of the safety of others."
Reckless disregard. Basically, a person acts with reckless disregard for the safety of others by neglecting to do something a reasonably careful person would do or failing to exercise the degree of caution that a prudent person would under like circumstances.
Causation. A driver can be convicted of negligent homicide only if there's proof that the reckless driving was a legal cause of the death. It's not enough to merely show the defendant drove recklessly and someone died—there needs to be a direct link between the defendant's driving and the death.
Timing of the death. To be guilty of negligent homicide, the victim doesn't have to die right away. Oklahoma's negligent homicide law applies if the victim dies within a year of the accident.
Negligent homicide is a misdemeanor in Oklahoma. Convicted motorists face up to a year in jail and/or a maximum $1,000 in fines. The fine is doubled if the driver has been convicted of another traffic violation in the three years prior to the negligent homicide offense. All motorists convicted of negligent homicide must complete a driver improvement or defensive driving class. And the conviction also results in a one-year license suspension.
Where a DUI (driving under the influence) offense results in the death of another person, the driver can face felony manslaughter charges. A conviction can lead to a substantial prison sentence, which will generally be at least four years.
A negligent homicide conviction comes with serious consequences. If you've been arrested for negligent homicide—or any other crime—get in contact with a criminal defense attorney right away. The facts of every case are different. An experienced defense attorney can explain how the law applies to the facts of your case and help you decide on the best plan of action.