Oregon's distracted driving law generally bans all text messaging and other mobile electronic device use while driving. Here's an overview of what the law prohibits and the penalties you'll face for a violation.
An Oregon driver commits the offense of "driving a motor vehicle while using a mobile electronic device" by driving on a highway or premises open to the public while:
In other words, you can get ticketed for talking on a cellphone, text messaging, or just holding your device.
Driving. For purposes of the distracted driving law, "driving" means operating a motor vehicle on a highway or any other location open to the public. And this definition isn't limited to when the vehicle is actually in motion—it also includes momentary stops such as when a driver is waiting in traffic or at a traffic signal. However, it's okay for a driver to use a mobile device after pulling over to a safe spot at the side of or off the road or parking in a designated space.
Mobile electronic devices. The distracted driving law defines "mobile electronic device" as any electronic device that's not installed in the vehicle. This definition includes devices like cellphones and tablets that are capable of text messaging, voice communication, entertainment, navigation, or accessing the Internet or email.
Exempted persons. Oregon's distracted driving law contains a number of exemptions. Two of the more common exemptions are for persons who:
Affirmative defenses. Motorists who are caught using a mobile device can establish a defense by proving they were:
With all these defenses, it's the driver who has the burden of proof. In other words, the driver must present evidence in court and convince the judge that the defense applies.
Oregon's distracted driving statute is considered a "primary" law—meaning an officer who spots a violation can stop the driver without having another reason for doing so. The consequences of a violation depend on the circumstances. But generally, the possible penalties are:
For a first violation, a judge has the option of suspending the fine for 120 days and allowing the driver to complete a "distracted driving avoidance course." Once the driver provides proof of completion, the judge dismisses the fine. The driver, however, must pay the cost of the course.