In Virginia, causing the death of another person while driving can lead to serious criminal charges. This article covers Virginia's vehicular manslaughter laws and the penalties for a conviction.
In Virginia, a person can be convicted of "involuntary manslaughter" (also called "vehicular manslaughter" and "vehicular homicide") for causing the death of another person while driving "under the influence" of drugs or alcohol in violation of the state's DUI laws.
For purposes of the vehicular manslaughter statute, "under the influence" means impairment is observable in the person's "manner, disposition, speech, muscular movement, general appearance or behavior."
A motorist can't be convicted of vehicular manslaughter unless there's proof that the motorist's intoxication was a legal cause of the death. In other words, there needs to be a direct link between the defendant's intoxication and the death.
The consequences of a Virginia manslaughter conviction depend on the circumstances. However, the possible penalties for the two classifications of vehicular manslaughter are explained below.
Vehicular manslaughter is a class 5 felony. Convicted drivers generally face up to ten years in prison and a maximum of $2,500 in fines.
Enhanced penalties apply to vehicular manslaughter offenses where the driver's conduct was "so gross, wanton and culpable as to show a reckless disregard for human life." Aggravated vehicular manslaughter (also called "aggravated involuntary manslaughter") carries one to 20 years in prison and up to $2,500 in fines.
All drivers convicted of vehicular manslaughter are looking at permanent license revocation, though reinstatement is possible after five years.
Vehicular manslaughter is a serious criminal charge. If you've been arrested for vehicular manslaughter—or any other crime—get in contact with a criminal defense attorney right away. The facts of every case are different. An experienced defense attorney can explain how the law applies to the facts of your case and help you decide on the best plan of action.